The Political Cohesion of Middle Class in Pakistan: The Implications on the Economic and Political System
Author: Ana Khattak

Middle class usually bode well for a society in different aspects and literature that exists prove this concept. But why in the case of Pakistan, with a huge surge in middle class, can we not reap the benefits of this rising middle class. My thesis is an exploration of the existing social order of Pakistan and the role of its emerging middle class in it to gauge the repercussions on the economic and political systems of Pakistan and its way forward. The fact has been scrutinized if there is a lack of progressive vision in the middle class of the country; something that is a pre-condition for an institutional overhaul in order to reform the overarching structures of the country. My thesis is built on Acemoglu and Robinson’s (2001) theory of political transitions and how he assumes that that the ruling under autocracy and the median voter under democracy have ‘commitment problem’ when it comes to future income distribution. In the case of Pakistan this commitment problem exists. This has its repercussions on the attitude towards regime change. My thesis bridges several lines of research from recent political economy literature and apply them in case of Pakistan. The political cohesion of Middle Class determines the political regime that will prevail. The moot point is that which political regime prevails and which class determines it on the basis of which factors Supervisor:- Dr Karim Khan

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Supervisor: Karim Khan

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