Socio-economic Determinants Of Food Security In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A Case Study Of District Chitral
Author: Hanif Ullah

Food is one of the essential items for human survival on this planet. Consequently, achieving food security is the ultimate goal of every household and nation. Unfortunately, Food insecurity still prevails in the world and specifically in third world countries despite technological advancement and surplus food production. Insufficient and poor nutritional food have severe consequences on households’ well-being, especially in less developed and rural areas where household diet primarily consists of monotonous diet and starchy stables. Food security is a multidimensional concept including availability, accessibility, utilization, and stability. The study aims to examine the overall incidence and socioeconomic variables which cause food security in the household in Chitral. A structured questionnaire is used to collect data using stratified and convenience sampling from 384 families. The dependent variable food security is measured through the food insecurity access scale and household dietary diversity score. Descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression results indicate that only 17.19% are food secure compared to 82.81% food insecure households. At the same time, only 10.42% of households have higher dietary diversity than 72.92% of people with low dietary diversity. The logistic regression results for both analyses demonstrate that Education, income, earning members, remittances, and infrastructure significantly affect household food security. Education, payment, number of earning members, and remittances positively impact households’ food security. In contrast, infrastructure, as measured as households away from paved roads in a kilometre, harms food security. Supervisor:- Dr. Usman Ahmad

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Supervisor: Usman Ahmad

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