Role of Kinship and Social Capital in Expansion of Business Networks A Case Study of Sikh Community in Peshawar Research Thesis
Author: Syed Muddasir Shah

In this study the importance of social network and business expansion through it were studied. For this purpose, the idea of social capital and kinship was our lens. Three main concepts of social capital from Pierre Bourdieu, James S. Coleman and Robert Putnam were taken and were studied and connected with the field data. Field for this study was Peshawar, Pakistan. Sikh community residing in Pakistan was selected due to their presence in markets. This prominent presence is due to their physical appearance and their business names which goes by their native and religious name. Pakistan secured its independence on 14th of August 1947. The country was formed on the idea of Islam where majority of the Muslims could practice their religion and live by its rule. Pakistan has2 four provinces. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa formerly known as North West Frontier Province has a long history of conquer and defeat. Peshawar is its capital. Peshawar is the main trade route towards Afghanistan and central Asia. During the partition of India many of the people migrated from both sides. Some stayed and some left. In this whole process followers of different religion stayed including Hindu, Sikhs, Parsi etc. Peshawar is home to different religious minorities. The focus of this research will the community of Sikh residing in Peshawar and doing other business or social activities. In this study Sikhs from Khyber Pakhtunkhuwa are studies who are doing businesses. These Sikhs are living there and did not migrated during the partition. Supervisor:- Dr. Zulfiqar Ali

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Supervisor: Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro

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