Water Contamination due to Textile Waste Dumping and its Impact on Health: A Case Study of Faisalabad.
Author: Saad Bin Khalid

The unplanned throw away and mishandling of solid waste has developed a serious threat to the environment of Pakistan and especially of the industrial cities including Faisalabad. A number of spots and locations are existing and spotted in Faisalabad where solid waste is thrown without taking any safeguard in order to protect the soil, atmosphere, the surrounding locality, crops and the residents from their evil effects. The open dumping points in different cities have created a fatal threat to the required quality of the environment. To interrogate into the scenario different sites being used for the dumping purpose have been subjected to the Research. Primary data survey is taken to complete this study, and semi structured interviews were done upon the officials of Faisalabad Waste Management Company, textile industries, households, and Doctors relating to the study area. Saturation point is used for sample size. Industries are located in Khurarrianwala. The settled parameters of the precautionary steps for the waste dumping have not been implemented by the relevant bodies for the purpose at these spots. The growing magnitude of the industries and the urban areas has added further deterioration in the gravity of the situation. The object of the study is to examine the dumping points and the surroundings to have an analysis about the impacts on groundwater and the human health of the locality. The interviews of the local residents of the vicinities and the medical practitioners were conducted to evaluate the effects on the quality of life. The hygiene of the locality, the common and specific disorders in the human health of the neighboring areas of the dumping sites are also compared with other people which live in normal nature. It was detected during study that the municipal solid waste systems have no sufficient planning and the management of the waste is very poor. Secondly according to literature review it is noted that many heavy metals are detected in Muhammadwala and Makuwana ground water like Lead, Cadmium, Sodium, Calcium carbonates and bicarbonates, hardness of water. The leachates are injurious to the underground water of the locality. The resources and the funds provided to redress the problems, to which the areas are facing, are very meager as compared to the intensity of the situation. The economic growth is being affected in the presence of this problem. Supervisor:- Dr. Muhammad Jehangir Khan

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Supervisor: Muhammad Jehangir Khan

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