The Impact of Remittances on the Women’s Empowerment: A Case Study of Gujrat
Author: Sundas Ayyub

The current study aimed to understand the impact of international migration on the women’s empowerment in the left behind families in Gujrat city. Gujrat is one of the leading districts with the large number of male out-migrant to various destinations across the world. Most of the Gujratis are living in Middle East, Europe, USA and Canada. But there are few number of Gujrati diaspora in other regions across world. For the current research two key informant interviews (KIIs) were selected from the Marghazar Colony in Gujrat city. At 1st stage these KIIs helped the researcher in grasping the situations faced by women and lead it to interact with required respondents from various families known to them. At the second stage two focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with female respondents to further comprehend understandings about this issue under investigation. At the third stage of the research twenty female respondents were sampled (ten from the joint and equal number from nuclear families) and they were asked about number of issues through the use of in-depth interview guide. The responses were recorded and coding was done to generate themes. Gendered Geographies of Power and Women’s Empowerment conceptual frameworks were used for the current study. The major findings of the research were grouped in two separated groups as the research found out the contrasting effects of out-migration on the life of women in the left behind families. The autonomy of such women who were living in a nuclear family was intact as they were not only having control over the resources but they were in better position to decide about the several issues in their family. In contrast to that the women in joint families were depending on the male members and their say in all affairs was not weighted equally. Supervisor:- Dr. Zulfiqar Ali

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Keywords : Family System, International Migration, Women’s Autonomy, women’s empowerment
Supervisor: Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro

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