Skill Gap in Sindh: A Study of Gender Perception through Cluster Analysis
Author: Sehrish Mustafa

Population Of Pakistan Has Increased At Higher Rate During The Last Decade, Which Resulted In Higher Unemployment Rate (Gop, 2013). Demography Of The Country Shows Concentration Of Youth Which Can Be Transferred In To An Asset By Engaging Them In The Economy, But This Youth Bulge Can Be Disastrous If Not Provided Jobs. In Pakistan, Mismatch Between The Demand And Supply Of Skills Exists Which Results In Low Income And Prosperity And It Is One Of The Important Reasons Of Higher Unemployment Rate In Pakistan During The Last Few Years (Gop, 2014). Education Industry Serves As The Backbone Of The Workforce Industry. In Pakistan, Educational Institutes In General And Technical And Vocational Education Institutes In Particular Are Poorly Linked With The Industry. Institutes Of Technical Education In Sindh Fail To Equip Their Students With Desired Skills, As Per Demand Of The Employers. This Study Analyses Difference In Opinion Of Male And Female Students Regarding Importance Of Skills At Workplace And Self Confidence In Attainment Of Skills In Sindh. This Study Finds Out Difference In Importance Given To Skills In Institutions Based On Ownership Type That Is Private And Government Sector. Cluster Analysis Divides Respondents Of Skill Institutions In Sindh With Respect To Gender And Depicts That There Is No Significant Difference In Opinion Among Groups And Within Groups. Descriptive Analysis Of Respondents Based On Gender Shows The Same Results For Students Of Skill Institutions In Sindh Where Data Is Used From Three Zones Of Sindh I.e. Karachi, Hyderabad And Sukkur. Skill Institutions In Sindh Are Sorted By Ownership That Is Private And Government. Importance Of Skills Offered And Confidence In Quality Of Skill Provided Is Significantly Different As We Move From Government Institutions To Private Institutions. Association Of Industry With Skill Institutions In Different Zones Of Sindh Is Different With Skill Institutions, Where Awareness About Skill Institutions In Their Vicinity In Sukkur Zone (Rural Area) Is Higher As Compared To Karachi (Urban Zone). Supervisor:- Dr. Usman Mustafa

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Keywords : Cluster Analysis, EDUCATION, Gender, Labour Market, Sindh, Skill Disconnect
Supervisor: Usman Mustafa

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