Impact of Adaptations to Climate Change on Farm Income: A Case Study of Rice-Wheat Cropping System of Pakistan
Author: Muhammad Bilal

The Paramount Aim Of This Study Is To Explore The Influence Of Adaptations To Climate Change On Farm Income In Rice-wheat Zone. The Study Analyses A Sample Of 643 Farmers From Climate Change Impact Survey (Ccis, 2013) Conducted By Pide With The Collaboration Of Idrc. This Sample Contains Three Districts Of Rice-wheat Zone I.e. Sialkot, Hafiz Abad (Punjab), And Larkana (Sindh). For Empirical Purpose, Endogenous Switching Treatment Effect Model (Estem) Has Been Used To Conduct Counterfactual Analysis. The Results Of The Study Are Suggestive That Adaptations Have Positive And Significant Impacts On Farm Income. Adapters Are Found Benefiting In Most Of The Strategies Than Non-adapters Whereas Counterfactual Indicates That If Adapters Become Non-adapters, They Bear Loss And Yield Lower Returns As Compared To Being Remained Adapters. Furthermore, Education, Access To Credit Market, And Saving, And Climatic Variables Such As Long Run Averages Of Temperature And Precipitations Are Found Having Significant Impacts On Farm Income. The Results Obtained From Treatment Equations Are Suggestive That Education, Experience, Social Networking, And Government Extensions Are Found Important Determinants Of Decision To Adapt Climate Changes. As A Recommendations Study Suggests That Farmers Should Adopt Adaptation Strategies And Government Should Take Step To Enhance Adaptive Capacity Of Small And Marginal Farmers With Strengthening Role Of Extension Department And Awareness About Changing Climate. Supervisor:- Dr.Munir Ahmad

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Keywords : Climate Change, Farm income, Impact of Adaptations
Supervisor: Munir Ahmad

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