Role Of Technical And Vocational Training In Empowering Young Women In Pakistan
Author: Urooj Obaid

The aim of this research is to explore the role of technical and vocational education training (TVET) in realising economic and social empowerment of young women in Pakistan. Adopting a case study approach, this qualitative research will help to understand the extent TVET could benefit young women to generate income through utilizing skills, gain control over family resources, enhance confidence in social interactions, and enable them to make social choices at the household level. This study concludes that despite equipping young women with technical and vocational skills, the role of TVET in empowering young women in Pakistan was moderate. It was primarily due to the fact that a majority of graduates were not able to utilise skills learnt at the Institute. Evidence suggests that family support and social inhibitions, financial constraints, religious values, and trust in young women’s abilities were the main factors influencing decisions about young women’s education, utilisation of skills, employment, marriage and mobility. The findings indicate that employed/ self-employed graduates were more independent, confident and influential in making social and economic choices than those who were mere housewives or unemployed. Nevertheless, evidence suggests that trained young women can make success stories and uplift the social and economic conditions of their families if given opportunity and supportive social environment. However, the patriarchal nature of society in Pakistan limits opportunities for young women to engage in economic activities and contribute in family welfare. Supervisor:- Dr. Faheem Jehangir Khan

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Keywords : Economic Empowerment, Pakistan, Skill Development, Social Empowerment, Technical And Vocational Training, Women Empowerment
Supervisor: Faheem Jehangir Khan

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