Issues of Afghan Refugees in Urban Slum in Islamabad
Author: Alia Ashfaq

Pakistan is second largest country hosting Afghan refugees since 1979. An increasing number of refugees worldwide are women and children. This study aims to find the roles of refugees in economic contribution to enhance their income so they can have basic human rights in the slums of Islamabad. This is a qualitative research. Afghan refugee women and children residing in slums doing informal economy contribution were interviewed through semi-structured and unstructured interviews. The Government and NGOs official were also interviewed. The study found that in many cases when they are forced to leave their homes due to armed conflicts, mostly women and children are directly affected by force migration, war and natural disaster. For the better lives these women and children have their own economical contribution to their families. The women who work in the slums and contribute to the informal economy are traditionally not documented in the labor market. Even though the national economy has been on the up but the socio-economic status of the women of urban slum is not improving. The women, children and men are working to contribute its part for the economic stability of the family in the times of migration. Most of these are still lacking behind their human rights. Supervisor:- Dr. Zulfiqar Ali

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Keywords : Economical Contribution, Human Rights, Informal Economy, Migration
Supervisor: Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro

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