Issues And Problems Of Child Schooling In Slums Of Islamabad
Author: Nadia Khan

Rapid urbanization and increasing migration from rural areas have led to the growth of slums in every city/town, not only in Pakistan but elsewhere in the world. One of the issues of large cities, in general, and Islamabad, in particular, are slums. Since poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon deprivation in education, especially in urban slums, is not caused by one factor alone, but is rather stitched to various other related factors such as family structure, quality of school and government negligence. Education is now recognized to be the only key to moral, cultural and socio-economic development in any country around the world. This thesis aims to study the issues and problems in the schooling of children living in slum areas. The data was collected with stratified random sampling and purposive sampling technique. This is achieved by conducting qualitative semi-structured interviews of parents, teachers and community members. Each slum area has its own issues and problems. There are major constraints being faced by the slums e.g. population explosion, resources constraints, low financial allocation, low participation and high dropouts, low literacy, lack of teacher’s motivation, lack of political commitment, disparities in respect of gender and class, weak quality of education and Good Governance. The demand for access to education has been continuously increasing and directly proportional to population growth. This challenge requires the opening of new schools. The government, being aware of the gaps and weaknesses in the existing system, should devise strategies for promoting basic education on priority. Supervisor:- Dr. Zulfiqar Ali

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Supervisor: Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro

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