Environmental Degradation and its Impact on Fish Handler’s Health: A Case Study of Karachi Fish Harbour
Author: Mansoor Muhammad Isani

The fishing industry is one of the consistently growing sectors in Pakistan’s economy. In 2018 it was grown 16.32 per cent and contributed 1.97 per cent in Pakistan’s GDP. But its growth is related to an increase in domestic demand, not because of exports. European Union had denied importing Pakistani seafood because of the declining marine environment which is not meeting their environmental quality standards. Multiple public sector departments are assigned to maintain the environmental quality standards in which Sindh Environmental Protection Agency, Karachi water and sewerage board, Karachi municipal corporation and Sindh solid waste management board are prominent but all of them are failed to perform their job. After the study, it is concluded that due to political appointments, lack of interest in a job, public sector lazy culture and unclear legislative authority made the issue more complicated and all of them playing a blame game. Wastewater quality analysis data was added in the study and most of the parameters are above national environmental quality standards but below threshold levels, because none of the sewerage water treatment plants is working. Health cost of the fish handlers are measured with the comparison of hand cart loaders of Karachi wholesale market and OLS regression model is used to estimate the results and found that health of fish handlers is higher than comparison group due to lack of education, low wages and wet working conditions. No government support or any health care facility is available for the fishing community and failure from the environment protection departments their health and life are not meeting the standards. Supervisor:- Prof. Dr. Usman Mustafa

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Keywords : Environmental Degradation, Fishery, Health Cost, Waste Water
Supervisor: Usman Mustafa

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