Gilgit-Baltistan Reforms 2009: A Discourse Analysis
Author: Noushad Ali

In 2009, Federation of Pakistan granted partial autonomy to Gilgit-Baltistan through an order “Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment Order’’. This order was unanimously welcomed by all political parties of Pakistan. Through this order, historical institutional and economic reforms were introduced and implemented after 2009. This study focuses on post-2009 reforms packages scenario vis-a-vis institutional and economic development of Gilgit-Baltistan. This research employs qualitative techniques and methods. Interviews have been conducted from the ministers, lawyers, and ex-members assembly of Gilgit-Baltistan. This research provides a picture regarding opinions of citizens and government stakeholders about the institutional development and constitutional requirement/development of Gilgit-Baltistan. The research also inquires whether the future development entailing from the order would have constitutional standing. Both the impact and the question of constitutional backing has been attempted to gauge through the aforementioned interviews. After enactment and promulgation of empowerment and self-governance order 2009, Gilgit-Baltistan underwent rapid changes in the institutional and legislative landscape and development. The order introduced democratic system in Gilgit-Baltistan and empowered the local people while abolishing bureaucratic and centralized system. It provided for the creation of institutional bodies in Gilgit-Baltistan and introduction of the positions of chief minister, governor and establishment of Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly and Gilgit-Baltistan Council. The legislative development and transformation in judicial system, put forth by the order, along with other reforms have had much impact on development of Gilgit-Baltistan region, finds this research. Keyword: Gilgit-Baltistan, Order 2009 (Empowerment and Self-Governance), Institutional and Economic Development. Supervisor:- Dr. Nasir Iqbal

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Supervisor: Nasir Iqbal

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