Exploring The Issues And Prospects Of Pakistan’s Cross-border Trade With Afghanistan: A Case Study Of Ghulam Khan
Author: Kaizar Malik

Cross-Border trade plays an important role in the economic growth of fragile and conflict affected states. It allows vulnerable residents to reconnect with the bordering country to access goods and services that are key to economic and social recovery. This study aimed to explore the issues and prospects of cross-border trade via Ghulam Khan Border and its impact on locals and the local economy. The study also tried to assess the adoption of international standards at Ghulam Khan Border. For this purpose the study employed the exploratory case study design which is characterized by the lack of preliminary research. The study nature is exploratory since the overall purpose of the study was to explore the reasons of low volume of trade via Ghulam Khan Border and its socio-economic impact on the locals. The study relied on qualitative methods of data collection. One Focused group discussion with locals and 59 in-depth interviews were conducted with different stakeholders. Moreover, the study conducted content analysis of the Revised Kyoto Convention. This thesis found that the reasons for low volume of trade are numerous which includes; the episode of border closure during Zarb-e-Azab, Ghulam Khan Border being comparatively new border and the lack of basic facilities at the border terminal. Due to lack of these facilities, most of the international standards are not adopted at Ghulam Khan. This study also found that the cross-border trade had been a source of employment to many individuals of Waziristan. The study proposed the adoption of certain key international standards from Revised Kyoto Convention. Supervisor:- Dr. Uzma Zia

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Supervisor: Uzma Zia

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