Employment and Women Empowerment:Evidence from Pakistan
Author: Summiya Iqbal

We have taken data from a globally-representative dataset i.e. Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (2012-13). The sample consists of ever- married women that can also include divorced, widowed and separated. The minimum age of a married man and women in the specific sample was 15. We have estimated the results according to our control variables and the results shows that being empowered doesn’t necessarily required women employment, as it is just a one factor that plays its role. Our results estimated that either a woman is employed or not, she can have a say in having using family planning instruments. Although, the type of occupation she prevails can have somehow effects on the empowerment she faces around. The study suggests that if a women is employed she can have a say in taking care of their health care activities, large purchases, visiting to family or relatives, spending her own income, spending her husband’s income and using contraceptive techniques. Although, it is now a trend that either a woman is employed or not, she is being asked to choose her husband. This study suggests that women in professional and skilled manual labor jobs must be enhanced because these jobs let a woman to enjoy their rights and being empowered in other matters also. Conclusively, our study suggests that women in agriculture activities and skilled manual workers are better-off in choosing a husband as compared to the ones in other occupation, whereas, the ones in professional et al., are more empowered in choosing contraceptive techniques. Supervisor:- Dr. Muhammad Nasir

Meta Data

Supervisor: Muhammad Nasir

Related Thesis​