Economic Comparison of Tunnel and Traditional Farming System: A Case Study of Tehsil Chichawatni and Tehsil Kamalia
Author: Abdul Haseeb

This study aims to make economic comparison of two production technologies (tunnel and traditional) by accounting for health impacts due to pesticide in Tomato and Cucumber production, in two Tehsils: Chichawatni and Kamalia. In Tehsil Chichawatni farmers are using conventional methods to grow Cucumber and Tomato, and in Tehsil Kamalia farmers are using tunnel farming to grow Tomato and Cucumber. This difference is the base of conducting a comparative study to see the alterations in both cities simultaneously, in tunnel farming and traditional farming technology along with economic feasibility of both production techniques. The total sample of respondents including sprayer and farmers was 140 out of which 70 sprayers belonged to Tehsil Chichawatni and 70 belonged to Tehsil Kamalia. Using Poisson regression model and Health Cost Function. This study used the toxicity level of pesticides by EIQ values in replacement of toxicity category method. Study finds that value of EIQ, un-observance of protective gears, habit of eating meal after the spray, and smoking greatly increases the incidence of pesticide related diseases and health cost of sprayers of Tehsil Chichawatni as compared to sprayer of Tehsil Kamalia. Economic comparison shows that BCR ratio for Tunnel farming is 1.7 with a very high IRR rate of 95.2%. These values are high enough and reasonable to attract investment in this segment. This study recommends that to get the maximum production and sustainability we need technological advancement and new methods for agriculture like tunnel farming with less health risks. Supervisor:- Dr. Abedullah

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Supervisor: Abedullah Anjum

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