Determinants of Child Schooling, Work and Idleness in Rural areas of Pakistan
Author: Saima Nazeer

Education is the basic need that should be provided to all children, but unfortunately Pakistan is paralyzed with high dropout from school or lower enrolment. Especially, in rural areas, the child schooling ratio is very low. Thirdly, there is another activity that indicates that neither child goes to school nor for work, that’s called idleness. This study analyzes main determinants of children activities regarding schooling, working, combine school and work and idleness in rural areas of Pakistan for the age cohort (5-15) years. I have used Pakistan rural household panel survey (PRHPS), 2012. The main objective of the study is to evaluate the relative influence of children characteristics, head characteristics, family characteristics and community characteristics in household decision making regarding children activity. In addition, presenting the relationships between these explanatory variables and children activities, multinomial logit estimates are estimated. The results illustrated that head’s age, child education level and age, and parental education have positive and significant effects on children schooling. While an increase in family size and single parent households have negative impacts on children education and it impacts positively on children working. Child schooling is decreasing in land holdings; only for boys. Additionally, child disability and illness lead to increase the number of idle children. Based on this, it is recommended that there is a need of formulating policies to reduce child labor. And access to schools, quality of school should be provided to the rural households. Thirdly, the access to microfinance banks is needed to be established for the provision of credit. Lastly, to overcome the problem of idleness, health facilities should be provided to all rural households. Supervisor:- Dr. Muhammad Jahangir Khan

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Keywords : Child Schooling, Pakistan, Work and Idleness in Rural areas
Supervisor: Muhammad Jehangir Khan

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