Agricultural Policies and their Impact on Transition to the Current Agricultural Practices in Sindh
Author: Fatima Mallick

Being water stressed agrarian economy; Pakistan has been suffering from water security issues since many years. This study aims to identify the cropping choices of Pakistani farmers in Sindh province regarding three main Kharif season crops i.e. Cotton, Rice and Sugarcane. These crops have been considered highly water intensive yet they have been regularly cultivated in the country. Along with this, farmer‟s profitability in these crops and gender division has also been discussed. Special emphasis has been paid to female farm worker‟s socioeconomic well-being. For this study, a time series analysis has been done of the secondary data obtained from Agricultural Policy Reports issued by the Agricultural Policy Institute (API) which is a government organization. For the validity of the data, interviews were conducted from farmers in various districts of Sindh. Latent content analysis technique was applied on the secondary data while the results were also statistically examined using simple OLS technique. The results indicate that the cropping pattern has been on an upward trend, except for some years. It has been influenced by market and support prices but mainly the choice of crop cultivation resides with the farmers, who, in most cases, are very limited in crop selection. The regression results indicate that sugarcane, rice and cotton are water intensive crops as they have been perceived and cannot stand water scarce conditions. Gender division or labour wage/employment has not been discussed in the documents. However, interviews have revealed that females are involved in crop sowing and harvesting process, either on their own or with male farm workers. The process of wage distribution has still not been clear, either in policies or through interviews. The income of female farm workers has mostly been associated with cattle farming. The introduction of improved technology has cut this extra income by providing machinery and chemicals. Suitable policy recommendations have also been offered to the concerned government authorities. Supervisor:- Dr. Junaid Alam Memon

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Supervisor: Junaid Alam Memon

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