Vulnerability and Adaptability to GLOF and Flash Floods – A Case Study of Tehsil Mastuj, Chitral
Author: Rahim Aman Shah

Disasters relating climate change are becoming everyday event throughout the globe, but the mountainous areas are facing the real challenge of climate change. With the change in temperature, natural calamities like floods are becoming more frequent phenomenon. These natural disasters affect the life pattern of people living in the vulnerable zone. Chitral is also on the front line of natural disasters be it Glacier Lake Ourburst Floods (GLOF), Flash Floods (FF), spell of drought or Earth Quake. This study was undertaken to investigate two things, firstly the household adaptive capacity index (HACI) to cope with such environmental changes and secondly to figure out the possible adaptation strategies that the inhabitants of the area practiced during flood events. The HACI of the 56.5% of the sampled population show vulnerability due to low level of incomes, high dependency ratio, reliance of natural resources for energy use and living in areas that are not properly connected with road networks and other government facilities. Despite these facts, the strong social connections in the area and the development work by Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), in energy sector and other relief related works, have a strong positive effect in reducing the vulnerability of the area. Yet, the adaptation strategies are very poor given the socio-economic conditions of the people. Severe Floods left the people with options of either leaving the area permanently in the form of permanent migration or to resort to fleeing the area during floods and returning to their permanent residence to reconstruct/rebuilt the houses and be ready for future calamities. Supervisor:- Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad

Meta Data

Supervisor: Iftikhar Ahmad

Related Thesis​