The Impact of Climate Change on Ground Water Resource in Upland Baluchistan
Author: Aziz Ullah

Access To Clean And Sufficient Amount Of Water Is Imperative For The Substance Of Life On The Earth And All Economic And Non-economic Activities Of Human Beings Are Heavily Rely On It. In Pakistan Water Availability Is Always Too Little To Fulfill The Desirable Level Particularly In Baluchistan. So, This Study Has Been Undertaken As A Case Study For Analyzing The Impact Of Major Climatic Variables (Temperature And Rainfall) And Non-climatic Variables (Number Of Tube Wells, Population Density, Cropped Area, And Number Of Dams Along With Its Storage Capacity) On Decline Ground Water Level In Upland Baluchistan Region Of Pakistan. The Study Used Balanced Panel Data From 1980 To 2013 Drawn From Khair (2009) And Different Government Sources. The Analysis Has Been Made Through Applying Fixed Effect Estimating Technique. The Results Revealed That The Effect Of Temperature, Population Density, Cropped Area And Number Of Tube Wells Have Significant Positive Impact On Decline Water Table Level. In Addition, Rainfall Has Negative And Significant Effect On Decline Water Table Level. The Maintenance Of Healthy Livelihood And The Rooting Out Of Poverty In Baluchistan Is Much Dependent On Groundwater. So, Serious Steps Should Be Taken To Rise And Or Maintain The Groundwater Level In Baluchistan. Certain Policies Should Be Made Which Not Only Focus On The Increasing Number Of Tube Wells But Also Its Side Effects On Environment. Dams Should Be Constructed In Such Areas Where The Water Storage Is Maximum. Farmer Should Be Convinced To Adopt Water Conservation Techniques. Supervisor:- Dr. Usman Mustafa

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Keywords : Climate Change, Groundwater decline, Upland Baluchistan
Supervisor: Usman Mustafa

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