Socio-economic Determinants Of Pre-school Children Nutritional Status: A Case Study Of Rural Areas Of District Rahim Yar Khan
Author: Muhammad Shahid

Improving health of a community is imperative for achieving sustained economic growth rate. Because with better health conditions, the citizen of the country can actively participate in the economic activities. The nutritional status of children is an important indicator of the health status of a community and the human resource development of a new generation. It is track to the 3rd sustainable development goal regarding child mortality. The objective of this study is to examine the impact of socio-economic factors of pre-school children’s malnutrition in rural Rahim Yar Khan. The study used primary data. The multi-stage random sampling technique was used. The information is obtained through structured questionnaire from randomly selected 384 rural households which were taken from only rural areas of district Rahim Yar Khan. The anthropometric measurements of total 517 children under five years of age and 384 mothers were assessed. Out of 517 children 286 were male children and 231 female children. In methodology, the study uses four logistic regression models for stunting, wasting, underweight and CIAF (Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure) to examine the probability of malnutrition. The results of study show that in Rahim yar Khan, 46.1% children are underweight, 34.83% are stunted and 15.49% are wasted. While the logistic regression results of four models stunting, wasting, under-weight and CIAF shows that child malnutrition among preschool children is negatively and significant associated with mother’s tongue, sex of child, birth order, mother’s nutritional awareness and household deprivation status. While there is positive and significant effect of child age. For policy point of view, Special policies and programs should organize in rural and remote areas to create mother awareness regarding nutrition and government should design policies towards deprived and rural people, so that they can provide healthy and nutritious food to their children. Supervisor:- Dr. Muhammad Jehangir Khan

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Keywords : Binary Logistic Model, HDS, Health Status, Malnutrition, Primary Survey, Rahim Yar Khan
Supervisor: Muhammad Jehangir Khan
Cosupervisor: Wasim Shahid Malik

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