Socio-economic And Environmental Factors Affecting Health In District Bhimber (ajk)
Author: Salma Kousar

This study evaluates the impact of various socio economic and environmental variables on the incidence of diseases in district Bhimber AJK. The diseases selected were diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, typhoid, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma and malaria. In this study I used primary data collected through questionnaire from 267 randomly selected households. Analysis has been made through applying logistic regression. The results revealed that incidence of water borne diseases decreases with the increase in income, education, use of piped or motor pump water, satisfaction from water quality, drinking water treatment practices, and hand wash facility near the toilet, availability of toilet in the house and frequency of toilet clean. Whereas water source outside the home, sewerage water drainage in open drains, Food storage in open jars/utensils, shows significant positive relationship with water borne diseases. Similarly, cooking in multipurpose room, use of wood and animal dung as cooking fuel, smoking, have significant positive impact on incidence of air borne diseases. Whereas cooking practice in open air, room space, presence of chimney at cooking place and ventilator have negative relationship with air borne diseases. Fly door, fly window and preventive measures from mosquitos other than mosquito net show negative link with the incidence of malaria. While sewerage water drainage in open drains, presence of garbage heaps and stagnant water near a house and water storage in open container have significant positive effect on the incidence of malaria disease. The study suggest that emphasis be placed upon awareness regarding health, improvement of sanitation conditions, introduction of hygienic practices, modern fuels like LPG and bio-gas for better health. Supervisor: Dr. Anwar

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Keywords : Health - District Bhimber, Socio Economic
Supervisor: Anwar Hussain

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