Multidimensional Poverty and Vulnerability to Poverty Measurement in Punjab
Author: Tabish Nawab

Economic development ideally refers improving living standards, improvement in health and increasing literacy ratio and increases the general welfare of citizens. A dynamic relationship has been found between poverty, vulnerability to poverty and economic development that plays as a key essential role in the individual’s socio-economic lives. This research is attempt to measure multidimensional poverty, vulnerability to poverty and their constituent indices. We have used three waves of MICS 2007-08, 2011 and 2014 data to find overall and particular objectives of the study. For this purpose, Alkire and Foster (2011) methodology has been adopted in measurement procedure. Empirical findings depicts that in Punjab, Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) value has declined from 10.04 percent to 7.65 percent which is of 23.80 percent decreased from 2007 to 2014. In Punjab out of ten two people are multidimensionally poor. In addition, keeping the approximately same pattern vulnerability to poverty has also been declined in this era. Analysis confines the huge disparity not only among the regions but also differentials across the districts. Southern Punjab reaches to highest multidimensional poverty and vulnerability to poverty as compare to Northern and Central Parts of Punjab. In Rawalpindi and Lahore, Out of ten only one person is multidimensionally poor whereas four persons are combating with poverty in D.G.Khan, Muzaffargarh and Rajanpur districts. In addition, this disparity gap has further increased up to nineteen times among these districts in the case of severe multidimensional poor population. Interestingly, in spite of deteriorates in poverty and vulnerability to poverty at Provincial level, in some districts it seems to be elevated such as Bhakkar and Rajanpur districts. At the dimensional level, deprivations in health are found with highest contribution to overall poverty, followed by the living standards and education. Child mortality, nutrition, child school attendance and cooking fuel indicators are the major drivers to uplift poverty. Lady health visitor programs and poor support programs needs to be improved with proper functioning. In addition, Government should imply measures to increase children in school and usage of non-solid fuel implicitly better health and living conditions. Supervisor:- Dr. Saqlain Raza

Meta Data

Supervisor: Saqlain Raza

Related Thesis​