Issues of the Integration of the Baha’is and Hindus in Pakistan: A Case Study of the Twin Cities (Islamabad- Rawalpindi)
Author: Rafia Jalil

The increasing situation of restlessness, intolerance and discrimination warns the State and the development organisations to increase their contribution towards creating safe, peaceful and integrated spaces for the majorities and minorities living in a given territory. The minority, being lesser usually is subject to violation of their due rights at the hands of the majority. Pakistan, a country created in 1947, seeks attention on the issues of integration which can preserve the inter-faith harmony within its territory. The research focuses on the topic of the minority groups (Baha’is and Hindus) living in Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The twin cities may have majority of the Muslim population but it also accommodates the religious minorities. The study focuses on the Hindus and Baha’is who face discrimination mostly in social spheres of the cities. The study covers the political and economic marginalisation simultaneously which is comparatively lesser than the social marginalisation. The research investigates issues of integration which are prevalent among the two communities using un-structured and semi-structured interviews of the Hindu and Baha’i community members. The research has tried to analyse the circumstances which lead one minority being more discriminated to the other. The light has been shed on the issues which lead to the abandoning of the two groups if any and also which among the two religious group members leave Pakistan due to the fear of living in the country. Thematic Analysis has been used to analyse the findings of the collected data. Supervisor:- Dr. Zulfiqar Ali

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Keywords : Discrimination, Fear, Human Rights, Integration, Inter-Faith Harmony, Minorities, Prejudice
Supervisor: Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro

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