Inclusive Development in Pakistan: A Household-Based Diagnostic Analysis
Author: Tahira Tauheed

It is a well-established fact that common people in Pakistan are suffering from multidimensional exclusion resulting in social unrest and adverse state of human development. The present study attempts to provide an empirical base for designing an appropriate policy framework for inclusive development in Pakistan. Towards this end the household-based Human Development Index (HDI) & Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI), and the indices of standard of living, education, and health are estimated at the national, provincial, and district levels. The national and provincial analysis is elaborated at the urban and rural regions as well. The distribution of these indices across households are utilized to measure inequality and inclusiveness coefficients. At the district level the impact of economic, social, demographic, and locational factors on inclusive development are also investigated. The results demonstrate that Pakistani households reside on average in low category of actual human development experiencing high inter-regional and intra-regional disparities and exclusions. When the analysis is further drilled down to provincial and district levels the inequalities in human development and exclusions are even more pronounced, indicating that aggregated analyses suppress the intra-regional disparities and segregations. The rural regions are far below in terms of inclusive development than their urban counterparts in all provinces. Based on the district level findings, it is asserted that the investment in human capital (especially in education), the density of communication infrastructure (particularly road networks), and the demographic factors including population density, sex ratio, and urbanization are statistically significant determinants of inclusive development in Pakistan. Supervisor:- Dr. Muhammad Nasir Co-Supervisor:- Dr. Rehana Siddiqui

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Keywords : Determinants of inclusive development, Household-based Human Development Index (HDI), Inclusion Coefficient, Inequality Coefficient
Supervisor: Muhammad Nasir
Cosupervisor: Rehana Siddiqui

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