Impacts of Infrastructural Development on the Livelihood of Local People: A Case Study of Sultan Bahu Bridge, Jhang
Author: Mazhar Abbas

Development of infrastructure played significant role in livelihood of local communities in the developed as well as in developing world. The purpose of this research was to investigate the both positive and negative impacts of development project on the livelihood of the local community. In case of negative impacts of infrastructure project, an important question emerges i.e. what kind of coping mechanism are adopted by the local community to sustain their livelihoods? The study had taken “Sultan Bahu Bridge” (SBB) on the bank of river Chanab, located at Ghar Maha Raja near Shoor Koot district Jhang. This is a development project which was constructed for better transport connectivity of Ghar Maha Raja to through road and bridge to main cities of Pakistan. This study used the qualitative method for analysis. Twenty-five semi structure and unstructured interviews were conducted through informal interviews. The respondents were selected from five stakeholders which are farmer, labors, businessmen, shopkeepers, and employees. The impacts of Sultan Bahu Bridge were found different on various group of the people. Respondents from Ghar Maha Raja were more satisfied with the construction of the bridge. The more affected group of the people were farmers from right bank. The development project like SBB affected all assets of the livelihood. This development project has adverse impacts on the coping mechanism and it decreased the resilience level of the local people against flash flooding. The overall perception of the people about SBB from Ghar Maha Raja were positive but the people from adjacent communities have considered this project as negative for them. It is suggested that the negative impacts could be minimized by making spillways and provided the alternative location for settlement. Furthermore, when even there is any infrastructure project, planner should consider its positive and negative affect and design it accordingly to minimize negative impacts. Supervisor:- Prof. Dr. Usman Mustafa

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Supervisor: Usman Mustafa

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