Impact of Social Development on Pakhtun Culture: A Discourse Analysis
Author: Shah Rukh Khan

Socialization is a process in which ethical values is taught to the children through the process of reinforcement. Children are appreciated for their “good behaviors” and punished for their “bad acts”. Ethical values and respect in Pashtu tribal society is promoted though the imposition of positive and negative terminologies. Positive terminologies are used for appreciation and negative terminologies used for punishment. These negative and positive terminologies take the shape of discourses and it is being analyzed through the process of Foucauldian discourse analyses in the present research. Pashtun tribal setup is analyzed from the locale of district Ziarat, Balochistan. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted from 20 males and females respondents. From this in-depth discussion and from the method of Foucauldian discourse analyses the politics of “truths” and “false” are being visualized, which is used for the promotion of ethical values and respect, and in contrast it is also used for the resistance of change in ethical values and respect In Pashtun tribal culture. Moreover, in a separate chapter the definition of prominent terminologies is described which is used for ethical values and respect in Pashtun society. Dr. Muhammad Jehangir Khan

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Keywords : Discourse, Discourse Analyses, Ethical Values, Pashtun Culture, Respect
Supervisor: Muhammad Jehangir Khan

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