Groundwater Contamination Due to Industrial Waste Water and its Impacts on Human Health: A Case Study of Faisalabad
Author: Muhammad Shoaib Siddique

Water is the basic requirement of life necessary for drinking, household food preparation, agriculture, animals, and other different purposes. Groundwater is the primary source of water, which is a key driver of domestic, agriculture, industrial sectors. Water pollution is a major problem in Pakistan. Industrial wastewater is a potential source of water pollution and a common threat to the aquatic life of people. Small Estate Area Faisalabad is an industrial zone and industries wastewater discharge which may secrete many hazardous elements in the environment like contaminated water polluting the environment. The current study evaluates the health impacts of contaminated groundwater in Small Estate Area Faisalabad. We took four water samples from the study area which revealed that the water was unfit for human use. Water samples were tested from Ayyub Research Laboratory Faisalabad. The pH was 6.9, TSS (ppm) 1936.8, Sodium (Mel-1) 22.65, Sulphate (Mel-1) 2.40, and Total Hardness (ppm) 241.07 were found to be inconsistent with the required World Health Organization standards. The information about socioeconomic variables and diseases due to the use of groundwater (skin problem, diarrhea, and typhoid fever) was directly collected from 200 families through a well-structured questionnaire. To explore the determinants of frequency of disease, age, education, household size, water source, and quality were considered as explanatory variables. This study concludes that as the water usage in that particular area increases the probability of diseases like diarrhea, skin disease and typhoid also increase which increases the health cost. The study recommends that the government should play an important role to take this issue seriously and build a cemented wastewater channel for the industrial sector of Small Estate Area Faisalabad. Supervisor:- Dr. Rehana Siddiqui

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Supervisor: Rehana Siddiqui

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