Do Income Growth And Trade Expansion Reallocate The Ecological Footprints? A Case Study Of Pakistan
Author: Muhammad Imran Khan

This research aims to disaggregate the ecological footprints of Pakistan in relation to income growth and other explanatory variables, like trade openness bio-capacity and energy use. This study has also investigated the EKC type relation between income growth and environmental pressure, using secondary data for the period of 1980-2015 for Pakistan. This research has utilized the ARDL bound technique to determine short run and long run relation between income growth and per capita footprints for each economic activity separately. Research found that Pakistan is importing greater share of its total pollution from other economies over the time as the income increases. Consumption footprints are relocated by growing income of the Pakistan economy. As the income grows up, negative environmental consequences1 are traded across the borders but inflow is quite higher than outflow in case of Pakistan. Supervisor:-Dr. Rehana Siddiqui

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Keywords : Bio capacity, Ecological Footprints, Income Growth, Trade Expansion
Supervisor: Rehana Siddiqui

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