Analysis of Socioeconomic Determinants of Male off-Farm Labor Force Participation in Pakistan: Evidence from Micro data
Author: Muneeb ur Rehman

This idea of the study is to investigate both, household and demographic factors that impact the off-farm male labour participation and employment status in Pakistan. To achieve the aforementioned objective, the study takes into account the micro variables which play a critical role in determining an individual’s decision of going into labour market. Hence it uses micro data from Labour Force Survey of Pakistan for the year 2017. In the present study we explored how age, level of education, residence and other factors affect labour for being employed in labour market. Using Logit model, it is found that education plays a key role in off-farm employment. The probability to become employed increases as the level of education attainment of household rises. All four variables of education that are middle, matriculation, intermediate and higher shows a positive relation with probability of being employed. Labour living in rural areas are less likely to get a job than urban residents. Moreover household characteristics such as age, marital status and being head of a household has a positive impact on off-farm labour force participation in Pakistan. In the light of above results government should strive to enhance both quantity and quality of education in Pakistan. Policies aiming at more industrialization and urbanization could serve the purpose of giving higher job prospects to labour force. Keywords: Labour force, Socioeconomic, Education, Age Region, and Logit. Supervisor:- Dr. Usman Mustafa

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Supervisor: Usman Mustafa

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