Analysis Of Ecological Footprint Of Rural-urban Households In Islamabad
Author: Usman Ali Khan

Pakistan is among the ecological deficit countries which means we are consuming more than what we actually have. Change in the demands of households and lifestyles put pressure on the resources and ultimately on environment. Exploring the pattern of consumption and wastage of resources at household level is the need of the day. The present study aims to estimate Ecological footprints for urban and rural household in Islamabad taking into account the components of food, transportation, housing and consumer goods & services. Further, the impact of various influencing factors on the ecological footprint in urban and rural areas was also estimated. For this purpose, primary data had been collected from 600 households through questionnaires from sampled urban and rural areas of Islamabad. The findings revealed that the average ecological footprint of Islamabad is 4.5 Gha and households of Islamabad require on average 2.5 planets to live with current living standard and pattern with an average of 9.2 tonnes of CO2 emissions. The sectors with high level of income, high standard of living and high quality of life have high ecological footprint. Households with high ecological footprints are generating more amount of waste. More the usage of meat by the household more will be the ecological footprint. The traveling distance in a week increases, the ecological footprint also increases. Family size of household and ecological footprint is negatively related. The major influencing factors of the ecological footprint were monthly income, family size, education, job type, business, house story, energy efficient appliances, gaseous appliances, farm production, commercially packed products, public transport, gas fuel for heating, electricity for heating, volume of waste and car ownership. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the household ecological footprint of Islamabad needs to be reduced to lessen the pressure on the consumption of resources and also to reduce the emission level for sustainable development of the city. This can be done through awareness, supporting environment friendly products by the authorities. Supervisor:- Dr. Anwar Hussain

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Keywords : Ecological Footprint, Households, Islamabad, Rural-urban
Supervisor: Anwar Hussain

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